KRVIA@30: Visual Diary 2022-2021

Visual Diary – 1994

KRVIA Exchange Program   


KRVIA had its first exchange program with the McGill University, Canada 

KRVIA Exhibition

The “Circling the Square” exhibition, an exhibition of objects of art, was held at the KRVIA 

KRVIA Encounters and Guest Lectures  

Sudhir Patwardhan, Atul Dodiya and others presented presented their work at KRVIA. Encounters

KRVIA@30: Visual Diary 2022-2021

Visual Diary – 1995

KRVIA Research and Design Cell  

Mill Lands Project

KRVIA officially started the KRVIA Design Cell in 1995 with the Mill Lands Project. The project studied the status of defunct mill lands and identified urban design strategies for the same. Working with the Charles Correa Committee appointed by the Government of Maharashtra and sponsored by the Urban Design Research Institute, the research hoped to build better open spaces for the city of Mumbai with continued development.



KRVIA Encounters and Guest Lectures  

Astad Deboo presented his work through a performance for the students and faculty at KRVIA

Bobby Desai demonstrated the installation of a tensile structure on the roof of GRS School at Khar, Mumbai

KRVIA Special Lecture

Charles Correa conducted a lecture and exhibited his work at the KRVIA

Bobby Desai demonstrated the installation of a tensile structure on the roof of GRS School at Khar, Mumbai

Prof. Paul Walker presented a talk on New Museum Architecture in Australia




 An Integrated Approach for Development of Kuttanad Region 

Keywords: GIAHS, integrated approach, livelihood, natural values, cultural values, marginalized communities, perceptions, changing aspirations

This thesis explores the Kuttanad agricultural systems, designated as a Globally important agricultural heritage systems (GIAHS)(1). It is an ecologically sensitive area, having a deep interconnection with local livelihood, food security, biodiversity, traditional knowledge system and cultural-social organization. Such systems lie at the interface of nature-culture and are directly dependent and shaped by local resources and communities. In the history of conservation buildings were considered as heritage. Its values and significance was defined and conserved as an important resource for mankind. Throughout the journey various theories, charters, ideologies in conservation discourse understood, recognized, accepted and established that heritage is much vast and includes all the complexities. Over the time it was categorized under natural-cultural sites and accepted by ICMOS.

Nature culture reflects human diversity, uniquely shaped by evolution and cultural practices (where, culture is defined as anything shared by way of specific process of learning). In natural resources water is one of the most important resources and supports a wide range of biodiversity and sustains the livelihoods and the wellbeing of a myriad people and civilizations. Over the last few decades, haphazard urbanization, unbridled expansion of manufacturing activities, burgeoning growth in the use of chemical inputs in agriculture and pressure of growing populations—both resident as well as floating, has made water ecosystems unsustainable in many parts impacting the entire region. This is the same case clearly evident in the context of Kuttanad. Development here should have an integrated approach without ignoring natural and cultural values that forms the foundation of the region. It is called as the ‘granary of Kerala’ (i.e. Keralathinde Nellara), is the only place in India and one of the rarest sites in the world where below-sea-level polder-farming-system(2) is done. It is intrinsically linked with natural resources like land and water making it a geographically unique zone.

It has a closely woven net of relationships between nature and culture that reflects people’s identity. The land is created by indigenous communities by several reclamation for agriculture, understanding the context formed by the confluence of four major rivers-Meenachil, Manimala, Pampa, Achenkovil flowing towards the north-western direction, debouching into the Vembanad backwater making the region suitable for paddy cultivation. This region is formed below-sea-level, hence nourishing the Vembanad backwaters with salt intrusion making it rich with aquatic life, another source of livelihood for the indigenous people. It has a series of layers through time, each layer able to tell us a human story, imbued with cultural values forming this system which relates directly to the peoples ideologies. The character of the landscape thus reflects the values of the people who have shaped it, and who continue to live in it. Kuttanad is threatened by insensitive development focusing on economic, commercial and political benefits. This degraded the natural assets, leading to an imbalance that further led to natural disasters like floods ruing the entire system. Risking the livelihood, health and wellbeing of marginalized communities and threatening the tangible and intangible heritage.

The study intents to investigate the existing proposal, interventions, and issues around the degradation of the system and provide solutions understanding the values and perceptions associated with the community and the changing aspirations and conflicts emerged amongst them. To recognize and harness the interconnection of natural values and cultural values for the protection and management of the GIAHS(1) in Kuttanad.

Foot note

  1. GIAHS: The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) represent not only stunning natural landscapes but also
    agricultural practices that create livelihoods in rural areas while combining biodiversity, resilient ecosystems and tradition and innovation.
  2. polder-farming-system: A polder is a low-lying tract of land that forms an artificial hydrological entity, enclosed by embankments known
    as dikes.




Case of Dharavi Island near Mira-Bhyandar Metropolis

Keywords: Communitites, Livelihood, Ecology

Traditional communities have maintained livelihood practices which aids the sustainable protection of ecological assets. Through changing times, they have been successful in preserving the essence of culture & livelihood through traditional practices in terms of their food, occupation & cultural-religious activates (ex. festivals). The Villages in Dharavi Island in the far- northern suburbs of Mumbai (not to be confused with Dharavi, a large slum area, in the middle of Mumbai city), are one of few East Indian villages which are intact amidst urbanization.

Majority of them are actively engaged in traditional livelihoods; fishing, farming and salt pan work. Amidst urbanization northern land of Dharavi Island is under pressure of residential growth of Mira-Bhayandar city while southern parts like Manori and Gorai are over exploited due to its tourism development. Both of this residential and tourism development are creating threat on traditional occupational activities (Fishing, farming) which protects natural assets of this land.

New development approach shows more inclination towards infrastructure development to make this region economically viable, while overlooking the ecological and cultural parameters that are sustaining community livelihood. Urban development is inevitable but approach towards this development should be sensitive to protect natural assets, especially the existing communities which have nurtured the landscape through changing times. This study critically analyzes the current development approach & co-relation between Natural assets and Community livelihood for the Dharavi Island and will provide with an alternate approach which can help in protecting the Ecological assets & Community livelihood along with addressing the infrastructure development needs & urban growth trajectories.

KRVIA@30: Visual Diary 2022-2021

Visual Diary – 1996

KRVIA Seminar
First Seminar on Architectural Education: KRVIA conducted a seminar on Architectural Education inviting some of the most critical minds from India.

KRVIA Exhibition
An exhibition of the works of architect B.V.Doshi was organised at the institute.

KRVIA Introductory Workshop
KRVIA initiated the first year introductory workshop with the intention of bringing a clear focus on making with material as a critical engagement with architecture. The workshop has continued to be a seminal pedagogic tool that galvanises the abilities of students to work as groups and larger collectives; something that is essential for an architect and is generally missing from high school education

KRVIA Encounters and Guest Lectures  

Eminent speakers were invited to present their work as part of the Encounters.

Dhiru Thadani – Urban Sensibilities

Manoj Parmar – Contemporary Japanese Architecture

KRVIA Encounters and Guest Lectures  

Snehal Shah – Professional Work

Sheril Castellino, Chintan Desai, Jitu Jain, Nuru Karim – Historical/ Ahistorical

KRVIA@30: Visual Diary 2022-2021

Visual Diary – 1997

KRVIA Exhibitions -4 x 4 exhibition
4X4 looked at works of four architects from four cities around the country. This tripartite program contained an exhibition of the participants’ drawings and models


The architects were Gautam Bhatia, Neelkanth Chhaya, Rahul Mehrotra and Jaimini Mehta who represented a group of young architects who were involved simultaneously in architectural practice, teaching, writing. Working on extremely complex projects and winning awards is a common trait of this dynamic face of Indian architecture – Sen Kapadia

KRVIA Director Appointment
Prof. Trilochan Chhaya was appointed as the new Director of KRVIA. This period saw a shift of aesthetic-based pedagogy to context-based inquiry. Architecture was seen as a product of contextual expression and object of naïve urbanism. The architecture was seen as an artifact of the urban place. KRVIA also witnessed the de-centralization of academics with respect to the academic decision-making process. This phase enabled the consolidation of subject expertise and concentration of discipline inquiry. (

KRVIA Reflections – First Reflections
1997 marked the first graduating batch for KRVIA. As part of the celebrations, KRVIA released the first issue of the Reflections. The journal aimed to provide an interdisciplinary forum for discussion across architecture, cinema, the visual and performing arts.

KRVIA Encounters
Eminent speakers were invited to present their work as part of the Encounters.

KRVIA@30: Visual Diary 2022-2021

Visual Diary – 1998

KRVIA Fellowship Program

The KRVIA Research fellowship program began with the objective to promote research in the fields of architecture, art, design, technology, humanities and urban studies.

KRVIA Reflections – Five-year retrospective

This issue of Reflections was an overview on the first five years of the evolution of KRVIA. It mapped the efforts at KRVIA to structure courses and studio’s in its formative years.

KRVIA Exhibitions

Architectural Engineering – The exhibition by Mahendra Raj and Shirish Patel focused on the inter-relatedness of architectural forms and structural technology which had split in the development of modern architectural practice.

Encounters: The Christie House

KRVIA Encounters

Genevieve Castelino

Frank Lloyd Wright is recognized by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all time.” In a prolific career spanning 70 years, Frank Lloyd Wright designed 1,114 architectural works including museums, offices, churches, libraries, hotels and homes. 532 of these designs were built. Eight of Wright’s buildings are on the UNESCO World Heritage list – including his iconic Fallingwater House built over a waterfall, and the Guggenheim Museum in New York City (both of which are also National Historic Landmark buildings)
Architect and filmmaker Genevieve Castelino will offer an inside view into the research process involved with staying true to Wright’s design while restoring a historic house. She will weave the story of the house, its history and place in a changing America over the past 80 years.
She fell in love with Wright’s architecture as an architecture student in India 35 years ago. In this presentation, Genevieve will share what it feels like to live in The Christie House designed by 
the architect she so admires.
The Christie House is one of only 60 homes built using Wright's design philosophy for Usonian architecture. Targeted for the middle-class during the Great Depression of the 1930s,
Usonian homes were to be simple, affordable, and aesthetically pleasing. They were built using right’s principles of Organic Architecture – “Usonian homes were crafted using natural materials such as wood and stone, with elements that could be mass-produced for maximum cost-effectiveness, yet custom-tailored to suit the individual needs of every homeowner in order to create, in Wright’s words, “a harmonious place in which to live.”

Genevieve Castelino is an architect, writer, and award-winning filmmaker. She was most recently the Chief Operating Officer of Merchant Aviation, a full-service aviation consulting
firm focusing on global airport infrastructure development initiatives. Since retiring from this

Christie House | KRVIA Presentation
position, Genevieve has returned to her writing and filmmaking initiatives. Her writing credits include an adaption of a play for Lincoln Center Theater Director’s Lab. Her work has been ublished in the North American Edition of India Today. She has won three consecutive Telly awards for her work on films for various nonprofit organizations. She is currently at work on a memoir. Genevieve has a BFA in Communication, Film and Video from the City University of
New York and a Bachelors in Architecture from the L.S. Raheja School of Architecture, Mumbai.

KRVIA@30: Visual Diary 2022-2021

Visual Diary – 1999

KRVIA Research and Design Cell

Dadar Parsi Colony Design Cell Project

The project was funded by MMR- HCS (Mumbai Metropolitan Region – Heritage Conservation Society). As a departure from the standard practice of building conservation, the project proposed the idea of ‘precincts’ and their conservation.

KRVIA Exchange Program

Exchange Program with the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna. The attempt was to observe commerce and analyse the issues of growth, development and socio economic aspects governing housing in Mumbai and Vienna.

KRVIA Guest Lectures

KRVIA invited Silva Ajemian and Jorge Prado for a guest lecture.


KRVIA Encounters

Encounters by Rahul Mehrotra, Jyoti Kolte and others.

KRVIA@30: Visual Diary 2022-2021

Visual Diary – 2000

KRVIA Research and Design Cell

Design cell – Century city Project

Century City Project: KRVIA was invited by Geeta Kapur and Ashish Rajadhyaksha at the exhibition held at the Tate Gallery London titled ‘Century City – Art and Culture in the Metropolis’, with the intention to explore the role of the city in twentieth century art and focused on nine cities from different parts of the world

KRVIA Exhibition

Works of GB Mhatre

The exhibition was titled ‘Buildings that Shaped Bombay’ and was inaugurated by A.P. Kanvinde. It showcased the works of G.B. Mhatre across the city of Bombay.


KRVIA initiated the Kamla Raheja Memorial Lecture Series – KRMLS was an annual event articulated around various pertinent themes. The first series was titled Modernism and Further Interrogation. 

KRMLS focused on discussing the state of architectural education in India.