CRIME AND URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE
Keywords: Migration, Gender, Inequality, Segregation, Exclusion
With majority of the world’s population now living in cities and rising rate of urbanization, the numerous factors that contribute to its rise such as migration, opportunities, natural calamities and more, the advantage has reduced significantly. As a result, several problems have emerged, including socioeconomic inequality, marginalization, and segregation. The high rate of urbanization has coincided with an unwelcome increase in criminal activity in urban areas.
While cities are expanding, with developments in industry, technology, and the economy, urban planning and design have been challenged by inequalities and exclusions. Women and young girls have a distinct experience in urban areas that differs from that of other men, and this has an impact on how they use public places. Due to a lack of gender sensitive urban design, women have limited access to public places and movement within them. Such public places not only include many challenges to women’s participation, but they also contribute to increased violence against them over time. “Criminal activity is influenced by several factors. One of the important factors is Urban Environment.
The influence of urban environment on Criminal activity has been detailed upon in several studies. “Urban planning and designing processes act as a catalyst in shaping our environment” (Shuchi Joshi, Assistant Professor, KRVIA). So, this research intends to investigate and discuss the relation between crime and urban infrastructure. It will focus on how the design and usage of disconnected infrastructures marginalize women’s positions in public areas, and will aim to close the gender gap in built environment using gender sensitive techniques.